Currently, Centrifugal pumps are available for different industrial and home tasks. Different types of centrifugal pumps are available to meet different pumping needs, such as getting water to homes and businesses and making food, drinks, and chemicals.
As a reliable supplier of centrifugal pumps, we have a lot of experience in this area. Right through this guide, we will explain about different types of centrifugal pumps and how they work.
How do Centrifugal Pumps Work, and what do They Are?
A typical system of any centrifugal pump is based on two or more impellers attached to a rotary pump shaft. This setup gives the pump system and the pipes that go with it the power they need to move fluid.
When the impellers turn at the same speed as the pump shaft, the pump motor’s mechanical energy is turn away into the energy of fluids moving. Most of the energy from the motor will be accessible into kinetic energy in the pumped fluids.
However, some of the energy will be available to calculate the potential energy of the fluid pressure against the force of gravity.
Why you should use centrifugal pumps?
One major type of pump used all over the world is the centrifugal pump. They are best to use in many situations because their design is simple and works well.
Thus, they can handle a wide range of heads and capacities and simultaneously make a lot of flow. They get high marks for how easy they are to use.
Centrifugal Pump Process: Guide for Beginners
The operation cycle starts when the pump pulls fluid in through its suction ports and sends it to where the impellers are. This liquid is then moved through the spinning vanes of all rotating impellers. In short, this will increase the liquid speed at the same time.
Charged fluid will leave the impeller vanes and make its way into the diffuser casing or the pump volute. This is where the higher fluid velocity is create upon through impeller vanes which are then turned into the high fluid pressure.
Lastly, the fluid is sent to a discharge port or the next stage of a pump system with more than one stage.
List of Different Types of Centrifugal Pumps
Two of the most common types of centrifugal pumps are:
Radial vs. Axial Centrifugal Pump: What is the Main Difference?
One significant difference between radial and axial, centrifugal pumps is their setup. By design, a radial centrifugal pump lets the liquid flowing through it move outward. The pumped liquid is put under pressure and goes further down through pipes.
In contrast, axial pumps move fluid by having the impeller vanes lift the fluid.
ANSI Pumps vs. API Pumps: How are they Different?
Different centrifugal pumps are available in a radial shape. They are meeting all industry standards. American National Standards Institute (ANSI) pumps and American Petroleum Institute (API) pumps are two major standards to discuss.
ANSI pumps are high-quality pumps with only one impeller unit, making maintenance easier. ANSI pumps can be switched out with other pumps with similar ratings. This kind of centrifugal pump is perfect for low fuel flow rates.
API pumps are made to meet specific industrial dimensions, such as the hole size for the hold-down bolt and the height of the pump coupling. Most API pumps are radial; hence, they are best for heavy-duty tasks in the oil or gas industry sector.
Single-stage, Two-stage, or Multi-stage: Classification of Centrifugal Pumps
Centrifugal pumps are divide away into a few major stages based on the number of impellers.
This pump has only one impeller inside its casing, making it easy to keep up. A single-stage centrifugal pump hence works best in situations with low pressure and a significant flow rate.
A two-stage centrifugal pump has two impellers that work together to move the liquids. It is one such tool that is working for medium-sized jobs.
For this centrifugal pump system to work as well as possible, it needs three or more impellers. High head situations work best with pumps that have more than one stage.
Typical Uses of Centrifugal Pumps in Industry
Centrifugal pumps are hence available in many ways in the home, business, and industrial markets. Some examples of uses for centrifugal pumps are, but are not limit upon to:
- Water supply for cities and towns
- Protection against fire
- Sewage/slurry disposal
- Production of food and drinks
- The making of chemicals
- Operations in the oil and gas business
We have a huge number of Centrifugal Pumps to Choose from
We offer custom-built and standard centrifugal pump solutions in industrial and commercial processes. This includes oil and gas, agriculture, aviation, and food manufacturing. In the middle of various centrifugal pumping systems, you should pick the best one from us according to your requirements and budget.